Step-By-Step Process for Fall Protection & Trusses - DRAFT
|Alternate Fall Protection Plan Template
SBCA has created a customizable template for the structural building components industry, which includes links to the specific steps contained in this online approach to erecting an initial truss system.
Given this, the challenge is starting the project with a stable set of trusses to tie off to, and because of this, it is acceptable under OSHA guidelines for a qualified person to create a site-specific fall protection plan for each residential construction project for the installing, restraining, bracing and sheathing of the initial group of trusses when it can be documented that conventional fall protection is infeasible or creates a greater hazard.
29 CFR 1926.502(k) states, “Fall protection plan. This option is available only to employees engaged in leading edge work, precast concrete erection work, or residential construction work (See 1926.501(b)(2), (b)(12), and (b)(13)) who can demonstrate that it is infeasible or it creates a greater hazard to use conventional fall protection equipment.”
29 CFR 1926.500(b) states, “Infeasible means that it is impossible to perform the construction work using a conventional fall protection system (i.e., guardrail system, safety net system, or personal fall arrest system) or that it is technologically impossible to use any one of these systems to provide fall protection.”
29 CFR 1926 Subpart M Appendix E provides sample guidelines for situations when it is infeasible or creates a greater hazard to use conventional fall protection systems at specific areas or for specific tasks. The installation, bracing and sheathing of the initial group of roof trusses is one of those tasks that fits the intent of these guidelines. This link show a sample “Statement of Company Policy”.
A “competent person” as defined by OSHA in 29 CFR 1926.32(f), is: “…one who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them.
This person shall determine the required number of trusses included in the initial group that will provide the stability necessary to act as a suitable anchorage point for the use of personal fall arrest systems during the installation, bracing and sheathing of the remaining roof trusses. A good rule of thumb is to use one of the 3 options delineated above as the starting point for implementing conventional fall protection such as a personal fall arrest system.
This document provides a step-by-step approach to installing, restraining, bracing and sheathing the initial group of trusses, and may act as a template fall protection plan, which must be tailored to each specific jobsite’s fall hazards. If it is not possible to determine the number of trusses in the initial group necessary to provide adequate stability for a fall protection equipment anchorage point, the steps outlined below can be used as a guideline to follow while installing, restraining and bracing the entire truss system.